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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and Their Symptoms

admin / October 24, 2017

Being diagnosed with a STD is definitely alarming. Fortunately, all sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) are treatable, and most are curable as well. It is very important to have the right information. This list of the most common STD’s and their symptoms can help you learn more so that you and your sexual partners can get tested if the need arises.

6 most common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and Their Symptoms

1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of the genitals, anus, mouth or throat. It is spread through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse. It is also transmissible from mother to child during childbirth. If left untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. Women are also at risk of a tubal pregnancy.

Symptoms

Symptoms start to develop one to three weeks after exposure to the infection, and these also may be mild and easily disregarded. They include:

Painful Urination

Pain in the lower abdomen

Symptoms in Women

Symptoms in Men

Discharge from the penis

Testicular pain

2.      Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of the genitals, anus, mouth or throat. It is spread through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse. It is also transmissible from mother to child during childbirth. It may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility or tubal pregnancy in women. Men may develop a painful condition called epididymitis, which may lead to infertility.

Symptoms

Symptoms generally appear within two to ten days after exposure, although the infection may go undiagnosed for several months before being properly spotted.   Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge

Pain or burning during urination

Painful bowel movements

Anal itching

Symptoms in Women

Abnormal menstrual bleeding

Symptoms in Men

Testicular pain and swelling

3.      Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial disease that affects the genitals, skin and mucous membranes, and may spread throughout the body if untreated. It is spread through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse, and also through kissing if there is an open lesion on the mouth. Congenital syphilis is transmissible from mother to fetus with life-threatening consequences.

Symptoms

These occur in four stages.

Primary (10 days to three months after exposure)

Single or multiple sores where the infection was transmitted (genitals, rectum, lips)

Enlarged lymph nodes

Secondary (two to ten weeks after primary, lasting to a year at times)

Rash on different areas of body

Fever

Fatigue

Aching

Latent

No symptoms

Disease may progress to tertiary stage

Tertiary

Internal organ damage

Stroke

Meningitis

Paralysis

Deafness or Blindness

Dementia

Cardiovascular problems

4.      Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a one-celled parasite called Trichomoniasis vaginalis. It is spread through vaginal intercourse. It may interfere with pregnancy.

Symptoms in Men

Discharge from penis

Itching or irritation inside the penis

Pain during intercourse

Painful urination

Symptoms in Women

Clear, white, greenish or yellowish discharge from vagina

Strong vaginal odor

Itching or irritation inside vagina

Pain during intercourse

Painful urination

5.      HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

HIV weakens the immune system and ultimately leads to AIDS, which is a chronic and usually life-taking disease. It is spread through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse. It is also transmissible from mother to child during pregnancy or breast-feeding.

Symptoms

There are initially no prominent symptoms for two to six weeks. These include:

Weight-loss

Diarrhea

Fever

Headache

Sore threat

Rash

Fatigue

Later symptoms

These appear about 10 years or more after being initially infected:

Night sweats

Chills

High fever

Prolonged swelling of lymph nodes

Persistent headaches

Opportunistic infections

6.      Genital Warts (Human Papillomavirus HPV)

Genital warts can infect the genitals, anus or throat. They can spread through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse, and also through kissing if there is a wart on the mouth. In women, these small warts can occur on the vulva, walls of vagina, and cervix. In men, they may occur on the tip or shaft of the penis, scrotum, or anus. These warts are usually gray, flesh-colored, and take a cauliflower shape.